Upgrading to Rundeck 2.8.1 from 2.8.0

Important Note

If you have previously installed Rundeck 2.8.0, using Mysql or H2 database, the 2.8.1 update will not work correctly. A DB schema change was required to fix a bug with Postgres and other databases: (user is a reserved word).

If you upgrade from 2.7.x to 2.8.1 (skipping 2.8.0), or install 2.8.1 from scratch, you will not encounter this problem.

Use the following methods to update your DB schema for Mysql or H2 if you are upgrading from 2.8.0 to 2.8.1:

Mysql upgrade to 2.8.1 from 2.8.0

  1. Stop Rundeck
  2. Run the following SQL script, to rename the user column in the job_file_record table to rduser.
use rundeck;
alter table job_file_record change column user rduser varchar(255) not null;

After running this script, you can proceed with the 2.8.1 upgrade.

H2 upgrade to 2.8.1 from 2.8.0

For H2, you will need to do the following:

  1. Shut down Rundeck.
  2. (backup your H2 database contents, see Backup and Recovery).
  3. Use the h2 RunScript command to run the following SQL script.

To run the script you will need:

  • URL defining the location of your H2 database. This is the same as the dataSource.url defined in your rundeck-config.properties.

    • For RPM/DEB installs it is jdbc:h2:file:/var/lib/rundeck/data/rundeckdb.
    • For a Launcher install, it will include your $RDECK_BASE path. It can be relative to your current working directory, such as jdbc:h2:file:$RDECK_BASE/server/data/grailsdb.
  • File path to the h2-1.4.x.jar jar file, which is in the expanded war contents of the Rundeck install.
    • For RPM/DEB installs it is /var/lib/rundeck/exp/webapp/WEB-INF/lib/h2-1.4.193.jar.
    • For launcher install it will under your $RDECK_BASE, such as: $RDECK_BASE/server/exp/webapp/WEB-INF/lib/h2-1.4.193.jar

Save this into a file upgrade-2.8.1.sql:

alter table job_file_record rename column user to rduser;

Run this command:

H2_JAR_FILE=... #jar file location
H2_URL=...      #jdbc URL
java -cp $H2_JAR_FILE org.h2.tools.RunScript  \
  -url $H2_URL \
  -user sa \
  -script upgrade-2.8.1.sql

This command should complete with a 0 exit code (and no output).

You can now upgrade to 2.8.1.

Error output

If you see output containing Column "USER" not found; then you have already run this script successfully.

If you see output containing Table "JOB_FILE_RECORD" not found, then you probably did not have 2.8.0 installed, you should be able to upgrade from 2.7 without a problem.

Upgrading to Rundeck 2.8 from earlier versions

Java 8 is required

Rundeck server now requires Java 8.

Upgrading to Rundeck 2.7 from 2.6.x

Java 8 is required

Well, not technically required for Rundeck server so much as heavily frowned upon. You should upgrade, consider Java 7 no longer supported. We may switch to actually requiring it soon.

Default database (H2) upgraded to 1.4.x

The new version uses a different storage format ("mv_store") so switching back to 2.6 after creating a DB with 2.7 may not work.

In-place upgrade with the old storage format do seem to work, however if necessary to keep compatibility with an existing older h2 database, you can update your dataSource.url in rundeck-config.properties to add ;mv_store=false

dataSource.url = jdbc:h2:file:/path;MVCC=true;mv_store=false
  • You can remove ;TRACE_LEVEL_FILE=4 from the dataSource.url in rundeck-config.properties

CLI tools are gone

We have removed the "rd-*" and "dispatch" and "run" tools from the install, although the "rd-acl" tool is still available.

You should use the new "rd" tool available separately, see https://rundeck.github.io/rundeck-cli/.

However, rd does require Java 8. (See, gotcha.)

Debian/RPM startup script changes

The file /etc/rundeck/profile was modified and will probably not work with your existing install. (This change was snafu'd into 2.6.10 and reverted in 2.6.11)

If you have customized /etc/rundeck/profile, look at the new contents and move your custom env var changes to a file in /etc/sysconfig/rundeckd.

Inline script token expansion changes

(This is another change tha had some hiccups in the 2.6.10 release.)

You must now use @@ (two at-signs) to produce a literal @ in an inline script when it might be interpreted as a token, i.e. @word@ looks like a token, but @word space@ is ok.

You can globally disable inline script token expansion, see framework.properties.

Jetty embedded server was upgraded to 9.0.x

If you are using the default "realm.properties" login mechanism, the default JAAS configuration for file-based authentication will need to be modified to use correct class name in your jaas-loginmodule.conf:

  • old value: org.eclipse.jetty.plus.jaas.spi.PropertyFileLoginModule
  • Replace with: org.eclipse.jetty.jaas.spi.PropertyFileLoginModule

Upgrading to Rundeck 2.5

Java 7 required

Java 7 is now required for Rundeck 2.5, and Java 8 can be used. Java 6 will not work.

Scheduled Jobs with required option default values

A bug in Rundeck previously allowed Jobs to saved with a schedule even if an Option marked "required" did not have a default value. The result was that the scheduler would fail to execute the job silently.

In Rundeck 2.5 this is now considered a validation error when creating or importing the job definition, so any scheduled jobs with required options need to have a default value set.

rd-project create of existing project

If rd-project -a create -p projectname is executed for an existing project, this will now fail.

Database schema

This release adds some new DB tables but does not alter the schema of other tables.

Project definitions stored in DB

Rundeck 2.4 and earlier used the filesystem to store Projects and their configuration. Rundeck 2.5 can now use the DB to store project definition and configuration, but this is not enabled by default.

If you have projects that exist on the filesystem, when you upgrade to Rundeck 2.5, these projects and their configuration files can be automatically imported into the DB. This means that the contents of project.properties will be copied to the DB, using Rundeck's Storage Facility.

In addition, there is no encryption by default, if you want the contents of your project.properties to be encrypted in the DB, you must configure Storage Converter Plugins to use an encryption plugin. There is now a Jasypt Encryption Plugin included with Rundeck which can be used.

Enable project DB storage:

You can configure Rundeck to use the Database by adding the following to rundeck-config.properties before starting it up:


When importing previously created filesystem projects, the contents of these files are imported to the DB:

  • etc/project.properties
  • readme.md
  • motd.md

In addition, after importing, the project.properties file will be renamed to project.properties.imported.

If desired, you can switch back to using filesystem projects by doing this:

  1. set rundeck.projectsStorageType=filesystem in rundeck-config.properties
  2. rename each project.properties.imported file back to project.properties

web.xml changes

The web.xml file has changed significantly from 2.4.x to Rundeck 2.5.x.

For this reason, if you have modified your web.xml file, located at /var/lib/rundeck/exp/webapp/WEB-INF/web.xml, for example to change the <security-role><role-name>user</role-name><security-role>, then you may need to back it up, and re-apply the changes you made after upgrading to 2.5.x.

If you receive a "Service Unavailable" error on startup, and the service.log file contains this message:

java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.codehaus.groovy.grails.web.sitemesh.GrailsPageFilter

Then that means your web.xml file is out of date. Replace it with the one from 2.5 installation, then re-apply your changes to <role-name>.

Upgrading to Rundeck 2.1

Database schema

If you are upgrading from 2.0.x, be sure to perform backups prior to upgrading. This release adds a new DB table but does not alter the schema of other tables.

ACL policy additions

Project access via API has been improved, and new authorizations are now required for project access. See Adminstration - Access Control Policy.

  • project access adds configure,delete,import,export actions
  • admin access still allows all actions

Example allowing explicit actions:

  application: 'rundeck'
    - equals:
        kind: 'project'
      allow: [create] # allow creating new projects
    - equals:
        name: 'myproject'
      allow: [read,configure,delete,import,export,admin] # access to 'myproject'
  group: admin

The storage facility for uploading public/private keys requires authorization to use. The default admin.aclpolicy and apitoken.aclpolicy provide this access, but if you have custom policies you may want to allow access to these actions.

  • storage can allow create,update,read, or delete
  • you can match on path or name to narrow the access

The default apitoken aclpolicy file allows this access:

  application: 'rundeck'
    - match:
        path: '(keys|keys/.*)'
      allow: '*' # allow all access to manage stored keys
  group: api_token_group

Upgrading to Rundeck 2.0 from 1.6.x

Rundeck 2.0 has some under-the-hood changes, so please follow this guide when upgrading from Rundeck 1.6.x.

The first step is always to make a backup of all important data for your existing Rundeck installation. Refer to the Administration - Backup and Recovery section.

Clean install

The most direct upgrade method is to use the project export/import method and a clean install of Rundeck 2.0.

Before shutting down your 1.6.x installation, perform Project Export for each project you wish to migrate:

  1. Select your project
  2. Click the Configure tab in the header.
  3. Click the link under Export Project Archive to save it to your local disk.
  4. Make a copy of all project files under the projects directory for the project, e.g. $RDECK_BASE/projects/NAME (launcher) or /var/rundeck/projects/NAME (RPM/Deb). This includes the project.properties configuration as well as resources files.

Perform a clean install Rundeck 2.0 (no cheating!).

Then Import the projects you exported:

  1. Create a new project, or select an existing project.
  2. Click the gear icon for the Configure page in the header.
  3. Click the Import Archive Tab
  4. Under Choose a Rundeck Archive pick the archive file you downloaded earlier
  5. Click Import

Finally, restore the project files for the imported project.

Upgrading JAAS properties file

If you are not doing a clean install, and you want to maintain your JAAS login module configuration, you may have to change your jaas.conf file.

The default jaas-loginmodule.conf file included with Rundeck 1.6.x uses the org.mortbay.jetty.plus.jaas.spi.PropertyFileLoginModule class. You will have to change your file to specify org.eclipse.jetty.plus.jaas.spi.PropertyFileLoginModule ("org.eclipse").

Modify the $RDECK_BASE/server/config/jaas-loginmodule.conf (launcher install) or /etc/rundeck/jaas-loginmodule.conf (RPM/Deb install).

Upgrading an existing H2 Database

If you want to migrate your existing H2 Database, you will have to download an additional jar file to enable upgrading to the newer H2 version used in Rundeck 2.0.

Download the h2mig_pagestore_addon.jar file linked on this page:

Copy the file to $RDECK_BASE/server/lib (launcher jar) or /var/lib/rundeck/bootstrap (RPM/Deb install).

Upgrading an existing Mysql or other Database

Rundeck 2.0 will add some columns to the existing tables, but should allow in-place migration of the mysql database.

However, make sure you take appropriate backups of your data prior to upgrading.